This essay will discuss the structure of Australia’s healthcare system, known as Medicare. It will also discuss the role of the Government and Non-Government agencies, and Medicare’s strengths and weaknesses. It will also address the health and illness issues that aboriginal and people from overseas face, and also the significance of implementing best practice and quality management
In contrast to the United States, Great Britain has a health care system that is focused on the delivery of health care as a human right. Because of this model health insurance is universal for all citizens allowing everyone to have access to care. According to Sick Around the World produced by Jon Palfreman (2008), Great Britain runs a system that allows their people to never receive medical bills. Instead, Great Britain has implemented a national health system where the government runs and regulates the delivery of health care (Shi & Singh, 2013, p. 20). They have universal coverage where all citizens have access to health care under the national health system (Thorlby & Arora, 2016, p. 49). People living in Great Britain can also choose to pay for their own private insurance but only a small number of people select to do so.
The Australian health care system is a highly functioning and accessible system based on universal principles of access and equity. In this essay I will discuss the historical evolution and current structure of our health system, identifying current health service models of delivery and look at its strengths, weaknesses, policies and health priorities currently in Australia. I will discuss the roles of government and non-government health services in service provision and funding sources of Australian health. We will get a better insight of the role of standards for residential aged care and look into a broad range of professions that consumers may engage with in health service delivery, their roles and functions of each profession.
The Australian healthcare system has been evolving since the beginning of the colonisation of Australia. Today, Australia has an extremely efficient healthcare system although it still has several issues. The influencing factors, structure, and current issues of the Australian healthcare system will be throughly discussed and explained in this essay.
This has not changed in the current NHS, albeit more values have been added to improve service delivery. The NHS remains free with the exception of some charges, such as prescriptions, optical and dental services. It covers everything from antenatal screening and routine treatments for long-term conditions, to transplants, emergency treatment and end-of-life care.
The United Kingdom provides public healthcare to all UK permanent residents may receive free health care
“The Australian health care system is a highly functioning and accessible system based on universal principles of access and equity”.
One of the strengths of the NHS England is residents receive free fully funded medical care that includes all medical treatment, screenings including antenatal, dental, prescriptions, specialist referrals and optometrists (NHS England, 2016). Furthermore, while being free at point of access, the NHS system is an efficient, effective, care, safe, coordinated and patient centred system that was ranked number two worldwide on equity (NHS England, 2016). Free healthcare supports Ham 's (2010) claim that being free at point of entry is a characteristic of a high performing health care system. The benefits of free healthcare were that everyone was able to get the same medical treatment.
Starting with the organizational structure of the NHS, it is basically an umbrella organization that comprises of four regional branches, in particular, NHS (England), NHS Scotland, Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland and NHS Wales. The financing for all these institutions comes from a universal source, particularly the tax-payer money of residents of UK, although they operate to an extent as self-governing institutions. The treasury allocates money to the department of Health, which in turn allocates money to NHS England (Understanding the new NHS). In other words, the top executives of these four institutions take decisions independently for day to day operations although they abide by broader governing directives applicable to the UK region as a whole. Governance is an important aspect of the operating of the NHS, for without it exploitation by private vested interests is likely to happen. (National Health Service (NHS): A study of its Structure, Funding and Regulation, Strengths and Weaknesses, n.d.)
The NHS provides a service that provides good healthcare to all people, regardless of wealth. Every 36 hours the NHS deals with over 1 million patients across England. The service is based on three core principles: firstly, it must meet the needs of everyone, secondly, it must be free at the point of delivery and thirdly it is based on clinical need, not the ability to pay. Some specific NHS services do however require a financial contribution from the patient, for example eye tests, dental care, prescriptions, and aspects of long-term care. However, these charges are often free to vulnerable or low income groups, and when not free, often lower than equivalent services provided by a private provider. The services that the NHS provides are that
The National Health Service is declared the best healthcare system in the world with it scoring highest on quality, access and efficiency. The NHS is the UK’s state health service which provides treatment for UK residents. Some services are free, other have to be paid for. The regulations that govern who can and can’t receive treatment are complex and may change. A person who is regarded as ordinarily resident in the UK is eligible free treatment by a GP. Overseas visitors to the UK are not regarded as ordinarily resident if they do not meet his
To achieve sustainable health equity, all hands must be on deck, the society needs to be a health literate society that comprises of health literate public, health literate health professionals and health literate politicians and policy‐ makers. In order to achieve
A collaborative effort to promote, research, educate, learn from each other and thereby transcend our own national boundaries; creating a working understanding amongst communities that ensures health improvement and health equity for everyone. A global strengthening of primary and preventative healthcare.
The United Nation has created the 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda adopted by world leaders in September 2015 at a historic United Nation Summit.(Information, 2015; LeRouge & Garfield, 2013) One of the goals of this agenda is to bring equality of healthcare services and education to people around the globe. The leaders and C-suites, in the healthcare organization, have the vital roles to gain these sustainable development goals and generate the strategy, vision, and mission of organizations towards
The health of one is so important, in so many ways, but it’s not that simple and should be cut and dry but unfortunately it’s not. It’s not just an issue within the United States, but rather intensely an issue internationally worldwide. Many of the global health issues that many of us face and issues that have and will have impacted the health care industry today are defined as some of the following: