Ukraine 's Independence From The Union Of Soviet Socialist Republics

1981 Words Sep 1st, 2016 8 Pages
Background. Ukraine gained independence from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) August 24, 1991 (Mark, 2016). Slightly smaller in size than Texas, Ukraine is bordered by Poland, Romania, Moldova, the Russian Federation, and the Black Sea. With a population of 44.4 million people it is not a very diverse country with 77% identified as ethnic Ukrainians, 18% ethnic Russian, and 5% other (CIA, 2015). In the last 12 years a relatively young Ukrainian government has suffered from political turmoil and most recently violent instability.
Most notably beginning with the Orange Revolution of 2004, a corrupt election, and the installment of President Viktor Yushchenko and Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych. Seen as a reformist of
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Small protest and scattered violence continued until February 20, 2014 when protesters in Kiev were shot by government snipers in Maidan Square. On February 22, 2014 President Yanukovych fled to Russia and on March 01, 2014 Russian Federation military forces began direct action in Crimea. Ethnic Russians in Crimea, Donetsk, and Luhansk began forming separatist groups fighting against Ukraine (Thompson, 2016). The Ukrainian military was ordered not to fight when interim President Oleksandr declared “[Ukraine] cannot launch a military operation in Crimea, as we would expose the eastern border and Ukraine would not be protected (Paul, 2015).” On April 15, 2014 Ukraine began military operations to recover areas that had been seized by separatist groups. Conflict has ebbed and flowed with neither side gaining a significant advantage over the other.
June 27, 2014 President Petro Poroshenko signed the same agreement that was rejected by former President Yanukovych (Laura Smith-Park, 2014). The agreement focuses on economic and political relations. Economically the goals include modernization of Ukrainian energy infrastructure, access to European Investment Bank, and opening markets between Ukraine and the EU. This will create the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area where all parties reduce and eliminate import tax for certain goods. This increase in the ease of trade will
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