Understand Animal Anatomy and Physiology of the Lion

586 WordsFeb 26, 20182 Pages
Environment African lions as suggested by the name are found in the African Savannah. There is a very thin layer of humus soil which allows the growth of vegetation such as grasses and trees. The savannah is very hot with temperatures never normally dropping below 18 degrees Celsius. As well as being very hot due to the soil it is also very dry. The soil in the savannah is very porous with rapid water drainage. There will normally only be one short season of rain with only 20 – 50 inches of rainfall before a very dry year, meaning that water is very scarce in the savannah, causing competition between the animals. In the environment a large variety of animals are found ranging from the largest elephants to the smallest meerkats. In between these animals at the top of the food chain is the famous African Lion. Adaptations of the Limbs/Skeleton The skeleton of an African lion has adapted in a various number of ways, for example, the African lion is extremely muscular. Lions have very powerful muscles in their chests and front limbs which important in the lion as these allow it to knock and hold down large prey animals such as buffalo. The limbs of a lion are very muscular. This allows it to reach speeds of over 35 miles per hour when chasing prey. However, they cannot run at this speed for long distances. The African lion has found a way around this problem by hunting at high speeds in large groups. They surround the prey and close in. This means that the chase is not very
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