Understand the Role of Communication and Interactions with Individuals Who Have Dementia (Dem 308)

1694 Words Aug 5th, 2013 7 Pages
Understand the role of communication and interactions with individuals who have dementia (DEM 308)

Outcome 1 Understand that individuals with dementia may communicate in different ways

1. explain how individuals with dementia may communicate through their behaviour

Dementia sufferers communicate in many different ways. They may not be able to speak but they can communicate non-verbally with positive or negative behaviour. They can also communicate using body language and through posture.
One service user who was blind was hard to settle, because he couldn’t see it was hard to communicate, he was unable to express himself verbally and he was very anxious and depressed. He had moved from Bala where he was brought up many years ago
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3. explain the importance of involving individuals with dementia in a range of activities

As a person's dementia develops, it is likely to have an impact on some of their abilities but there will still be lots that the person can enjoy doing, both individually and with others. Maintaining existing skills, as far as possible, can give the person pleasure and boost their confidence. For this reason, it is important to help them find activities that they enjoy doing, and to continually adapt them to meet the person's changing interests and needs, throughout the illness.

4. compare a reality orientation approach to interactions with a validation approach.

Reality orientation tries to place the individual in the here and now and relies on the use of repertition to help the individuals memory by continually and repeatedly reminding them showing of the day, place, time and situation they are in. Every conversation should have a mention of time, day of the week or you could use a erasable memo board so information can be easily changed daily to remind individuals of the date.

Validation approach is a method of interacting with individuals in the later stages of dementia. It is a process that establishes trust and empathy for effective understanding, communication and relationships. The validation approach puts emphasis on the individuals emotional, social and psychological needs. Individuals in the later stages of
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