Understand the pattern of development that would normally be expected for children and young people from birth to 19 years

4528 Words Sep 12th, 2013 19 Pages
1.1) Development is holistic. There are many various areas of development and each area of development is individual in its own right. Even though they are individual, all of the areas of development are interlinked and they do not operate separately. To conduct activities and to partake in everyday occurrences, more than one single area of development is needed and involved in order to participate during these everyday events. It is important that as a childcare practitioner, these areas of development are recognised and understood so the services and activities we provide can be adapted and therefore, made appropriate for the child in order for them to grow and develop the necessary skills to develop to their full potential.
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Children within this age bracket start to gain an awareness of words that are associated with people and objects. Begins to point at people and their surroundings. Vocabulary develops but the child can understand more than what they can say. The world is seen from their point of view, ‘egocentric’. When an object becomes out of sight, the child begins to understand they still exist although the object cannot be seen. Children become very interested in exploring their surroundings and shows great determination and curiosity and start to learn through ‘trial and error’. The child can imitate simple actions with some understanding of what these actions mean such as clapping their hands and waving goodbye as well as imitating using everyday objects such as the telephone. Exploration of their surroundings is less often done by mouth now. At this age, the children may know certain parts of the body and often refer to themselves by name, which they now fully recognise and respond to. An interest is shown with picture books and an enjoyment is apparent with sounds.
18 months–3 years, at this stage, vocabulary increases and they now often name familiar objects and people and learns to repeat new words and sentences. By 3 years, there is a rapid increase in the child’s vocabulary and may start to use two-word phrases. Sentences become longer but telegraphic speech is used. Children at this age start
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