Understanding And Guiding Developmental Processes

1731 Words Aug 22nd, 2014 7 Pages
Physical development refers to physical body changes. It occurs in a relatively stable, predictable sequence. Motor developmental theories provide insights into how children grow and learn. Theories are helpful for understanding and guiding developmental processes. The principle of the maturation theory is growth and development occurs in orderly stages and sequence, that is, certain skills and abilities generally occur before other milestones are reached. For example, most infants learn to crawl before they learn to walk. However, it is also important to realize that the rate at which these milestones are reached can vary. Some children learn to walk earlier than their same-age peers, while others may take a bit longer (Wassenberg et al. 2005). The development is controlled by the maturation of the child’s nervous system. There are three physical factors affecting motor development, they are equal-lateral stage of development: ‘both sided’ motor movements; lateral stage: ‘one sided’ motor patterns movements and bi-lateral stage: midline ‘cross-pattern’ movements. Within three stages equal lateral can be specified as reflexes and rudimentary movements, lateral can be detailed as rudimentary and fundamental movements; bi-lateral can be represented as fundamental and specialized movements.

Dynamic theory is different with Maturation and the information sensory processing theory. Although stages of motor development (reflex stage, rudimentary stage, fundamental…
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