Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )

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Understanding Autism in Children Sreedevi S Kamath Cerro Coso Community College Abstract This paper explains what Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is and how it manifests in children. It explores the different symptoms of autism, treatments and intervention options. The paper examines eight published works that research autism and possible intervention services applicable to help children cope with the disorder. It explores the work of Harrop, Mcconachie, Emsley, Leadbitter and Green (2013) to understand the symptoms of repetitive and restricted behaviors (RRBs) in children with autism. It lists the various screening options like Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT), Autism Screening Questionnaire, and Screening Tests for Autism in Two-Year-Olds available for checking the presence of autism. It discusses treatment options available and how and why early intervention services should be sought. It explores the Quality of Life (QOL) that will be available to these children. Understanding Autism in Children Autism Spectrum Disorder is a pervasive developmental disorder that constitutes impairments in social reciprocity, behavioral development and verbal and nonverbal communication. It is often characterized by repetitive or restricted behavior. Autism being a spectrum disorder affects each child differently and they have different strengths, weaknesses and requirements. In 2013, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
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