Understanding Bipolar Disorder And Major Depressive Disorder

1219 Words Mar 6th, 2016 5 Pages
Abnormal Psychology: Understanding Bipolar Disorder and Major Depressive Disorder

The failure to properly recognize patients who experience symptoms that precipitate those of bipolar disorder or major depressive disorder can lead to misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment. Although diagnostic errors can be made with caution and conscious awareness, the patient’s condition may worsen over time or possibly lead to a tragic death. The purpose of this analysis is to offer insight into the elements of bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder (MDD). Upon doing so, the reader is presented with a better foundation and understanding of the differences between these two mental illnesses. Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that is characterized by alternating changes in an individual’s energy and activity levels. This disorder presents itself through “mood swings from mania, or euphoric states, to depression” (Lambert & Kinsley, 2010, p. 250). Mania demonstrates periods of very high energy which results in being overly confident in terms of making bold plans and engaging in risky activities. An individual would typically experience a variety of racing thoughts that will have an influence on their behavior and activities. If the manic episode worsens, hallucinations and severe disorganization of one’s reasoning abilities is seen and can sometimes lead to violence in which the person no longer has control over their thinking and actions. A person suffering from a…
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