Understanding Criminology, Antisocial Behavior, And Violence

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Over the past two decades, the relationship between biosocial factors and crime has led to several fruitful lines of research, supporting the interacting roles of nature and nurture in the development of criminality. The "blank slate" view of human nature implied by a socialization explanation is impossible in terms of modern evolutionary biology. In addition to being scientifically illogical, the tabula rasa view is disrespectful of human dignity as it views us as mere pawns of the environment. As Darwin argued about the innateness of human behaviors and the heritability of criminal tendencies, genes are found to be important in criminology, antisocial behavior, and violence. It makes clear how criminology and human inequality can be presented as a biosocial relationship; a perspective that many criminological luminaries expect to be the dominant paradigm for the twenty first century.

The rapid onset of delinquency followed by a steep decline with age illustrates the intimate relationship between age and crime. In the US in 2005, youth under 18 accounted for 60% of all violent crimes and 26% of all property crimes. However, by the early 20s, the number of offenders decreased by over 50%; by 28 about 85% of former delinquents desisted from offending. This may be explained by the profound changes occurring in the adolescent brain which, when combined with the social and hormonal changes, provide a more plausible explanation for the rapid onset and subsequent decline of
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