Understanding Disability Stereotyping And Popular Misconceptions About Disability

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Having a physical disability is a stigmatised attribute that is usually associated with stereotypes of incompetence. As a result of these stereotypes, individuals often experience economic and medical disadvantages(Roeher Institute,1996). People with disability are less likely to hold a job because employers tend to judge these individuals by their perceived limitations, rather than their actual abilities and potential.
Evidently, the first thing that comes to mind when disability is mentioned is a wheelchair because of the symbol that is used to represent it. Yet only 5% of disabled people do actually use wheelchairs.
Under the Equality Act 2010 (Great Britain). A person is considered to be disable if they have ‘a physical impairment which has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on their ability to perform normal day-to-day activities. Disability can be classified into two types:- Physical impairment and Mental impairments’.
Physical impairments include anything from loss of a limb, sensory impairment(paralysis), blindness, deafness and generally everything that alters physical appearance and performance of an individual.
Mental impairments include learning disabilities such as Down syndrome, Developmental disorders such as Autism, Asperger, Dyslexia, and Dyspraxia. Also mental issues such as OCD, Depression, Eating disorders, Dementia, Bipolar, Schizophrenia and self-harming

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