Understanding Facial Expressions Of Emotion

983 WordsNov 29, 20154 Pages
The ability to accurately interpret facial expressions of emotion can be considered crucial to social interaction (Arango de Montis, Brune, Fresón, Ortega Font, Villanueva, Saracco, & Muñoz-Delgado, 2013). Facial expressions are physiological correlates to complex mental states, thus their major function being to swiftly communicate the current internal state, such as happiness and confusion, between individuals (Fasel & Luettin, 2003; Blair, 2003). For example, the behavioural phenotype for the positive mental state happiness is most commonly known to be a smile. However negative mental states such as contempt, anger, jealousy, distress, and fear, are represented by a more diverse range of facial expressions (Arango de Montis et al., 2013). This could be explained through an evolutionary perspective, where negative expressions provided vital information to survival by communicating if there was danger, and of what kind (i.e. an angry expression during confrontation or a peer’s face portraying fear) (Ohman & Mineka, 2001). Subsequently, interpersonal and social conflict may arise from the inability to accurately interpret the information that facial expressions reveal (Leber, Heidenreich, Stangier, & Hofmann, 2009). There are multiple issues that may affect the misinterpretation of facial expressions. In one particular area of this field, evidence has been given in the last several years that suggest a positive influence of non-clinical trait anxiety on the accurate
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