Understanding Hate Crimes And Recognizing Victims

1464 WordsDec 1, 20166 Pages
Hate crime is defined as a “crime in which the perpetrators conduct is motivated by bias or prejudice toward the actual or perceived race, colour, religion, national origin, gender, disability, or sexual orientation of another group or individual.” (Winterdyk, 390). This kind of crime is not new to Canada and it can be seen through the treatment of Aboriginals in Canada, as well as the current treatment of refugees from areas in the Middle East. Hate crimes are a heinous crime that deprives individuals of essential rights such as the right to dignity. Understanding hate crimes and recognizing victims, it can be easier for individuals to understand what social changes can be made. The Conflict theory views “crime as the product of social and/or economic disparities in society and suggests that people resort to criminal activity in response to division and competition.” (Winterdyk, ) This theory draws on the separation and competitive impulses of people which is often found when dealing with prejudice. Canada is a very diverse country, so many communities have different cultural groups which may compete or create a division within the community and may progress its way to crimes of passion, but legally defined as a hate crime. Generally, hate crime is an action or vocalization against a specific group or individual. There are four main types of hate crime are outlined in the Criminal Code of Canada, Sections 318-320 which state: Advocating Genocide, Publicly Inciting Hatred,
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