Understanding Human Behavior Through Sociology

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The purpose of this reflection is to provide my understanding on what I have learned in class about the various leadership skills and social justice by showing how taking this course expands my knowledge. In doing so, I examine and contemplate four sociological topics with the intent of fostering a greater understanding of the topics and how they coalesce within the social constructs of the United States. The four topics are: understanding human behavior through sociology; oppression; hegemony; and, social justice.
“The term sociology was first used by Frenchman Auguste
Compte in the 1830s when he proposed a synthetic science uniting all knowledge about human activity” (ASA, 2008). In short, sociologists’ aim is to explain issues in terms
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By understanding these groups and how they function within the economic, social, and political constructs we can begin to understand the challenges and prejudices that each group harbors for the other.
Although gender defines only two main groups, special interests within each gender often define a subgroup. For example, women may lobby for equal pay, and men may lobby for paternity leave, and both genders are likely to support the other in their respective endeavors because each gender can benefit by the others success. Men can benefit by women receiving equal pay because the overall household income increases. Women can benefit by men receiving patently leave because the duties of new parenthood can be more equitably shared.
Sociologists also categorize people into groups based on sexual preference, as evidenced by the acronym LGBT. Lesbian women, gay men, bisexual people, and transgender people are often the target of prejudice and discrimination. Understanding how the group functions within society is largely based on our understanding of how the group and its individuals react to acts of prejudice and discrimination as well as policies and laws that limit or adversely impact their daily lives, such as laws limiting the marriage of same-sex couples.
Understanding the functionality of racial and ethnic groups is based on our understanding of how the individuals within the groups experience real and perceived prejudices, how the individuals relate to members within
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