Understanding Personality

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This essay is a concise guide to the understanding of personality in terms of Theories, structure and testing, looking at Trait, situation and interactional theories in particular. Every individual has a unique personality, which is known as their psychological makeup. This is known as the relatively stable, psychological structures that shape a person’s actions in a specific environment. (Gill, 1986) This essay will look at the established theoretical psychological understand of personalities.
Where did sports psychology begin? Sport psychology began in the 1890s thanks to the psychologist Norman Triplett, who was a keen cyclist, he asked the question, “Why do cyclists sometimes ride faster when they race in groups or pairs
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This first part looks into how these two conflict with the superego which can be placed a part of the conscious personality. The second part focuses on the person as a whole instead of labelling individual traits. This approach is very complex and is constantly adapting to the changes of confliction. (Weinberg & Gould, 2011)
The Trait Approach suggests there are units of personality which have traits. In this approach psychologists believe that the causes of behaviour originate within a person and that environmental and situational factors are minimal in the outcome of an event. (Weinberg & Gould, 2011) This assumes that once we have identified a specific trait, that we can then predict certain behaviour in a given situation. (Gill, 1986) This theory does not mean that an aggressive athlete will be aggressive in every competition; it just means that the athlete is likely to be aggressive. (Weinberg & Gould, 2011) Nearly all psychologists behind these theories agree on the “big five” model with its 5 labels of Personality traits/characteristics. These include Extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, neuroticism and conscientiousness. (Gill, 1986) “I have learned that much of our research on traits is over weighted with methodological preoccupation; and that we have too few restraints holding us to the structure of life as it is lived.” (Allport, 1966, p. 8)
The situational approach suggests that behaviour is due to the situation and environment.
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