Essay on Understanding Persons with Intellectual Disabilities

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It is important to understand the terms that are associated with intellectual disabilities. The first term is disability. Disability is an individual performing which includes physical, sensory, cognitive, intellectual mental illness impairments, and various types of chronic diseases. The next term involves intelligence. This term is the ability to think logically, reason out problems, prepare, understand difficult ideas, examine intellectually, and the ability to determine quickly and or acquire from experience. Third term is adaptive behavior. Adaptive behavior is the collection of conceptual, social, and practical skills that all individuals learn in order to perform in their everyday lives. An example of conceptual skills is …show more content…
This can include the daily, social, and physical skills of an individual. However, this disability is noticeable before the age of 18 in most individuals. In intellectual disabled individuals the characteristics reveals that this disability is shown at birth and or shortly after. Therefore, these individuals have significant damage to their central nervous system, multiple disabilities, and or health conditions (Heward, 2009). However, the damage affects how the individual learn academic information. Also the intellectual functioning in individuals with intellectual disability have an IQ of 70 or below which is obtained by standardize testing or a batteries of tests. Therefore the main causes of intellectual disability are Down syndrome, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and fragile x syndrome.
Therefore, these causes can be categorized as genetic conditions, problems during pregnancy, problems at birth, problems after birth, and poverty and cultural deprivation. Genetic conditions can pertain to disorders of genes that were caused during pregnancy by infections. Problem during pregnancy is when illnesses of the mother during pregnancy occurred due to toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, rubella and syphilis. The problem at birth can be caused by prematurity and low birth weight. Problems after birth can be a result of lead, mercury and other environmental toxins. Poverty and cultural deprivation is a result of childhood
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