Essay Understanding Phenomenology

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This essay will refer only to the three texts given here:

M.M.P - Maurice Merleau-Ponty, The Primacy of Perception and Its Philosophical Consequences

E.H - Edmund Husserl, Pure Phenomenology, Its Method, and Its Field of Investigation

M.H - Martin Heidegger, The Fundamental Discoveries of Phenomenology, Its Principle, and the Clarification of Its Name

Pure phenomenology takes as given the existence of an intersubjective world(1), ("the totality of perceptible things and the thing of all things" M.M.P), and the existence of perceptual subjects who perceive the phenomena(2) of the world. (This does not necessarily mean the existence of the self, ."..all consciousness is perceptual, even the consciousness of ourselves."
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One of the key features of phenomenology as distinct from the sciences (including maths, logic, etc) is its distinction between "phenomena and Objects (Objekte)"

"All natural Objects... are objects foreign to consciousness. Consciousness does, indeed, objectivate them and posit them as actual, yet the consciousness that experiences them and takes cognizance of them is so singularly astonishing that it bestows upon its own phenomena the sense of being appearances of Objects foreign to consciousness and knows these "extrinsic" Objects through processes that take cognizance of their sense. Those objects that are neither conscious processes nor immanent constituents of conscious processes we therefore call Objects in the pregnant sense of the word." E.H

If understood correctly, the distinction is that the scientific Object, no longer remembers how it was originally perceived and since all knowledge must have its genesis in perception, any theory or truth statement based upon the Object is fundamentally flawed, because it has disregarded the phenomena from which it was born.

"This places two separate sciences in the sharpest of contrasts: on the one hand, phenomenology, the science of consciousness as it is in itself; on the other, the "Objective" sciences as a totality." E.H

The importance of phenomenology as distinct from and providing a
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