Understanding Special Education Essay example

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Understanding Special Education
Introduction
Education is a birthright of every child. Special education involves the education of students with special needs in a way that addresses a students’ individual disabilities and requirements. These programs are designed so that special learners may learn skills which will assist them in coming closer in learning to children without disabilities.
The field of special education has moved from a perspective of protection and caretaking to an emphasis on learning and growth. The question is not whether students can learn but how much they can learn, and what type of support and instruction is required to achieve that end. While early intervention is a recommended practice, learning can occur at any age.
The primary purpose of special education is to prepare students for lifelong progressive improvement learning and self-development.
Definition of Disability
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) defines a "child with a disability" as a "child... with an intellectual disability, hearing impairments (including deafness), visual impairments (including blindness), speech or language impairments, serious emotional disturbance, orthopedic impairments, autism, any other health impairment leading to specific learning disabilities; AND, who... [because of the condition] needs special education and related services."
Categories of Children with Special Educational Needs
Children with special needs are broadly divided into five…

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