Essay about Understanding the Marshal Plan

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The date is September 2nd, 1945, the year in which The Empire of Japan surrendered thus ending a war in which fifty to seventy million people died, that being World War II. But the surrender of Japan not only meant the ending of the worst war in human history, it also meant the beginning of a new type of war, a war of deterrence in which two new superpowers, The United States of America and The Soviet Union would partake in. This new type of war, The Cold War, would test how strong the ideological stances of these two nations could withstand each other. It would also test how each of these nations could persuade other countries to follow their ideals. The United States believed in the ideals of capitalism. A system of government that is…show more content…
If these countries were to all fall into the system of capitalism and under the influence of America, then the Soviets would lose their ability to have a centrally planned economy with other blocs, it would also mean that America and it’s ideals would spread across Europe leaving little to no chance for Stalin and the Soviet Union to assert themselves as a true superpower with allies to back them up. But how would these countries accomplish their goals of advancing their ideals, capitalism and communism, into Europe? For the United States, this would be attained through the implementation of the Marshall Plan in April of 1948. (Lapsansky-Werner, 2011, 402).
But to understand the Marshall Plan, one must first examine the Truman Doctrine, which experts and historians have regarded as the basis for the Marshall Plan. Since 1944, the British government had been providing economic as well as military aid to Greece and Turkey to prevent a left-wing insurgency by communists. Aid such as this was also provided to prevent the Soviet Union from expanding its “Iron Curtain” into Greece and Turkey. Unfortunately for Britain, the ravages of World War II prevented them to continue to support Greece and Turkey (Herring, 2008, 614). So when Britain informed the U.S. State Department that it could no longer offer aid to Greece and Turkey, the United States did not hesitate to act. That is because there was fear
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