Undestand Ways of Using Motivational Theories in Organizations

2421 Words Jun 2nd, 2012 10 Pages
UNDERSTAND WAYS OF USING MOTIVATIONAL THEORIES IN ORGANIZATIONS.
Motivation is a term that refers to a process that elicits, controls, and sustains certain behaviors. For instance: An individual has not eaten, he or she feels hungry, as a response he or she eats and diminishes feelings of hunger. Motivation is a general term for a group of phenomena that affect the nature of an individual's behaviour, the strength of the behaviour, and the persistence of the behaviour
THEORIES OF MOTIVATION
Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene theory

Herzberg believed that businesses should motivate employees by adopting a democratic approach to management and by improving the nature and content of the actual job through certain methods. Some of the methods
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McCrae and costa personality dimensions; They talked about the five factors of personality which are-openness, conscientiousness, agreeableness, extraversion and neuroticism.
MOTIVATION AND PERFORMANCE; Motivation is the key to a better performance.Prosocial motivation backs this point up by saying that an employee is motivated to do his job better and more efficiently if he feels he is well taken care of.
REWARDS AND INCENTIVE; One effective way of motivating workers is to provide incentives and rewards for excellent performance and recognition for a job well done.
People do respond well to incentives for good performance and to recognition for doing especially good work. Employers shouldn’t forget this if they want great performance.
There are two ways to plan rewards: incentives and recognition.
MOTIVATION AND MANAGERS; Managers often do not understand the concept and principles behind motivation well enough to put them in practice. Managers can improve their success rate by providing extrinsic rewards that will help their employees to be intrinsically motivated to become top performers.
LEADERSHIP; Leadership is organizing a group of people to achieve a common goal. To be a good leader you must become an active follower. Organizations make it or fail not just because of the leadership but also because of the followers. Managers and leaders tend to see different aspects of work and organizational life as important, and therefore, worthy of