Unexpected Expectation Testing Episodic Memory

Decent Essays
An unexpected imitation test was the then conducted with the owner asking the dogs to remain on the blue carpet and pay attention to a chosen demonstrated action from table S1. Once they have demonstrated this action a predetermined retention interval, the time between the demonstrated action and the “Do it!” command, of one minute or one hour would be waited before the owner gave the dog the “Do it!” command. This test requires the assumption that a successful imitation of the demonstrated action was possible only if dogs encoded the action incidentally. It can be assumed that the imitation test was unexpected as there was no motivation for the dogs to remember the actions meaning that the test meets the requirements for testing episodic memory, which is assessed by an unexpected recall test.
In order to investigate the imitation success of the dogs in the experiment were statistically analyzed to determine if the dog’s actions match their owners. This analysis in table 1 shows that there was a difference in success rates between the expected and unexpected recall tests. When analyzing the data from this test only the cases in which the dog performed either
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In order to combat this issue the dogs were tested only after their expectation of imitation was changed by using the lie down training before the unexpected test was performed. The results of this study suggest that dogs could encode the demonstrated actions incidentally, although less successfully compared to the baseline where recall was expected. The dog’s owners may have used signals which may have caused the animals to pay more attention, however, this is unlikely to have been a problem as these same signals were also used throughout the dog’s
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