Unification of Germany Essay

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From the 19th to 20th century nations were uniting behind the belief of nationalism; the belief that their loyalty was owed to the nation as a whole. This loyalty was believed to be owed to a nation of people who share a common history and language as its core. Due to the growing want for true self-government in Europe, people began calling for unity. Once these nations were created, governments wanted their country to be the strongest and most powerful. A growing sense of pride by the people that their nation was the greatest led to wars to prove who truly had the better military. This sense of unity brought to many a purpose for their personal identity. Loyalty to one’s nation was a core belief of nationalism and allowed for many to…show more content…
One of the notable leaders for Germany's unification was Wilhem I the King of Prussia. Wilhem succeeded Frederick William in 1861. His support came widely from middle class conservatives and wealthy landowners also called the Junkers or nobility. The Junkers opposed the revolutionary liberals. Wilhem’s proposals as king were he wanted an increase in military strength and size. However at the time Parliament the legal body of Prussia would not give in to his demands and refused to give the king any money. This pushed Wilhem to appoint a new Prime Minister in order to achieve his wish for of a bigger military. The most well know figure behind the German unification was Otto von Bismarck or the “Iron Chancellor” a conservative Junker. Bismarck was appointed as Wilhem’s Prime Minister in 1862. Bismarck believed in the idea of politics of reality or Realpolitik or “a foreign policy based on calculations of power and national interest” ( Kassner 3). Between 1864 and 1866 an alliance was forged between Austria and Prussia. After unifying their alliance they declared war against Denmark in hopes of conquering the border provinces of Holstein and Schleswig. To the victors goes the spoils and Prussia who provided much of the military support governed over Schleswig, Holstein and its ally Austria. Bismarck declared this war to get Austria out of Germany. He declared that: “The position of Prussia in
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