Uniform Civil Code And Indian Secularism

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AN ESSAY ON UNIFORM CIVIL CODE AND INDIAN SECULARISM By: Saurabh Kulkarni (2011A3PS056G) Chaitanya Modak (2011A3PS078G) Prasoon Mehta (2011A3PS235G) Vyankatesh Asktekar (2011A4PS270G) Faiz Ilahi Kothari (2011A8PS366G) Chirag Bansal (2011A4PS145G) Secularism is a value our country closely associates with. Our Preamble clearly states that India is a “sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, republic”. Secularism according to Merriam Webster is ‘the belief that religion should not play a role in government, education, or other public parts of society’. But it is never clearly stated what the relationship between religion and state, here in India should be. Hence secularism in multicultural and pluri-religious country like India is very different from Western practice of secularism. Indian concept of secularism recognizes that people from different religions are culturally different from each other and is not based on separation of religion and state but equal treatment of all religions and religious tolerance. Secularism is a multivalued doctrine with a unique implementation in India, in other words “secularism is not an Indian ideology, but there is an Indian ideology of secularism” (Madan 1993, pp. 668). And this value is articulated on the concepts of equality and democracy and not on Western ideology of denying religion any space. Religion in India continues to assert its political authority in certain matters like the personal law of where the

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