Unité d'Habitation, Marseille, France by Le Corbusier.
Subject – History.
By - Kalyani Kharade. Date- /01/2013
Abstract: The report gives a brief overview about the housing project by Le Corbusier. Unité d'Habitation designed by Le Corbusier introduced the concept of “ vertical garden city”. It was designed to rehouse the victims of the destroyed neighborhoods of the city. It was the first opportunity to implement Corbusier's theories, to a scale that would lead to Modulor.
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The Unite d’ Habitation was a first, both for Le Corbusier and the ways in which to approach such a large complex to accommodate roughly 1,600 residents.
Especially since Le Corbusier did not have many buildings of such a substantial scale when compared to the villas.
When designing for such a significant number of inhabitants natural instinct is to design horizontally spreading out over the landscape, rather Le Corbusier designed the community that one would encounter in a neighborhood within a mixed use, modernist, residential high rise.
Le Corbusier’s idea of the “vertical garden city” was based on bringing the villa within a larger volume that allowed for the inhabitants to have their own private spaces, but outside of that private sector they would shop, eat, exercise, and gather together.
With nearly 1,600 residents divided among eighteen floors, thedesign requires an innovative approach toward spatial organization to accommodate the living spaces, as well as the public, communal spaces.
Interestingly enough, the majority of the communal aspects do not occur within the building; rather they are placed on the roof. The roof becomes a garden terrace that has a running track, a club, a kindergarten, a gym, and a shallow pool. Beside the roof, there are shops, medical facilities, and