Unit 14 P3& M1

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For the pass this assignment will describe the investigations that are carried out to enable the diagnosis of these physiological disorders. For the merit this assignment will assess possible difficulties involved in the diagnosis from their signs and symptoms. P3 There are a range of tests and diagnostic procedures is needed to diagnose dementia, but there are several that are fairly commonly used to diagnose dementia. A GP might refer a person to a specialist to help with the diagnosis. For example, they may be referred to a clinical psychologist which is a healthcare professional who specialises in the assessment and treatment of mental health conditions. Another specialist who the GP might refer someone to is a psychiatrist and they…show more content…
To diagnose osteoarthritis, the doctor will collect information on personal and family medical history, perform a physical examination and order diagnostic tests. Further tests such as X-rays or blood tests are not usually necessary to confirm a diagnosis of osteoarthritis, although they may be used to rule out other possible causes of the symptoms, such as rheumatoid arthritis or a fractured bone. X-rays can also allow doctors to assess the level of damage to the joints but this is rarely helpful as the extent of damage visible on an X-ray isn’t a good indicator of how severe the symptoms really are. During the physical examination the doctor will examine the joints and test their range of motion. He will be looking for areas that are tender, painful or swollen as well as signs of joint damage. The doctor will examine the position and alignment of the neck and spine. A diagnosis of osteoarthritis may be suspected after a medical history and physical examination is done. Blood tests are usually not helpful in making a diagnosis. However, the following tests may help confirm it, a joint aspiration which is where the doctor will numb the affected area and insert a needle into the joint to withdraw fluid. The fluid will be examined for evidence of crystals or joint deterioration. This test can help rule out other medical conditions or other forms of arthritis. The doctor might also get and X-ray
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