Essay about Unit 365 - Understand the Process and Experience of Dementia

1940 WordsFeb 22, 20138 Pages
Unit 365 1.1) There are many different types of dementia and causes of dementia. The first cause is Alzheimer’s disease, which is caused by nerve cells dying in certain areas of the brain. This therefore also affects the connection between the affected nerve cell causing them to deteriorate. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia. Vascular dementia is the first form of dementia, which is caused by damage to the brain through deprivation of oxygenated blood. If areas of the brain are not getting oxygen then part of it will die causing the vascular dementia. Biswanger’s disease is another form of vascular dementia, in which the damage occurs to the blood vessels in the deep white matter of the brain. Often it is a…show more content…
Individuals with dementia will have ‘good days’ and ‘bad days’ just like everyone else does, however, there is not fully know why. If an individual with dementia is doing an activity, which is familiar to them or part of, their routine that they have developed then the individual may be comfortable and do the activity with ease. On the other hand, if you take the individual out of their routine or familiar surroundings their confusion will grow. Stress is another factor, which has been identified to have an effect on our memory. In the early stages of dementia, an individual may be aware that they have forgotten things and this can be stressful which can result in additional memory difficulties. Therefore, it is important to ensure we give the person emotional support. As the dementia progresses the individual will require more support, which will include day-to-day activities. We need to ensure that the individual is not overloaded with information, as this will increase their stress levels. In the later stages, the individual may become emotionally and physically frail and their reliance on care will increase to the point where they will no longer be able to care for themselves. 2.1) Early diagnosis is important to: • Rule out other conditions that may be treatable • Access advice, information and support • Allow the person with dementia and their family plan and make arrangements for the future Although there is no

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