The medical industry had been achieving more in the stage of medical advancements, though they are still in the early phase. Artificial organs have been one of those achievements. Although they have achieved such, artificial organs are not perfect. Most doctors as well as patients would prefer to replace a dying organ with a compatible human organ, rather than with an artificial or animal organ. Yet due to a there being less organs donated than recipients, artificial and animal organs are becoming more common in transplants. Most of this issue is because people are unaware of how organ donation works, the organs that can be donated, how many people are in need, and the advancements that have happened in the field. Organ donation saves hundreds of lives every year, but many lives are recklessly lost due to a shortage of organ donors.
Module Title Wound Management Module code NURS09106 Banner No B00209786 Tutor Vicky Wilson Assignment Assignment 2 Word Count 3222 Submission Date 3rd May 2011 Introduction. The following assignment will take the form of a case study. The subject is a 79-year-old sikh gentleman, who will be known as patient X. Patient X only speaks English as his second language. Patient X has developed a wound on his right hip after being admitted a few days previously, after suffering from a stroke. Patient X has a history of a mild stroke and has slow mobility and uses the aid of a frame to mobilise. Patient X is obese, a heavy smoker and now
In this society, organ transplant surgery has been perfected to where no risk is present. However, organs still have a high demand with low supply. In addition, the only people eligible to receive organs are those who came to their ailment at no fault of their own. In other words, they did not smoke, drink, or eat in manners that caused their diseased organs. The people who donate organs have to be perfectly healthy as well to eliminate unhealthy organs for donation.
Available became controversial. While the question of the dialysis machine is still controversial, the health system was caught in another ethical dilemma regarding organ transplantation. Organ transplantation is closely linked to the issue of cleanliness because patients with kidney failure can get an organ transplant as an alternative to hemodialysis. The issue is complicated by the fact Medicare is financed by organ transplant, and there are those who believe that the distribution of rare transplant is not right. There are thousands of terminal patients whose lives can be saved by organ transplantation, but there are no formulas of work that can be used to determine which of the thousands of patients will be given priority. It is left to the discretion of medical officers to decide who is worth saving. The ability to keep someone alive by replacing one or more of their major organs is a splendid achievement of medicine of the 20th century.
Discuss and contrast reversible and nonreversible cell injury. As per your analysis, what type of cell injury did Mr. Smith sustain and why? Include pathophysiological processes involved with cell injury.
Over decades, lung cancer globally continues to be the leading killer in both genders. In the United States, smoking is responsible for 90% lung cancer deaths in men and about 80% in women. About 15 decades ago, lung cancer was not considered as the leading killer because it was an extremely rare disease about 1% in total of cancer cases. However, by the year 1927, the percentage increased into 14%. During World War I, many soldiers and civilians started smoking to release stress. Eventually, that made the lung cancer rate and smoking addiction in the population started to increase. In a research that published in 2001, lung cancer annually kills over one million people worldwide (Witschi, 2001). The death rate, which caused by lung cancer,
I decided to do my cancer research paper on Lung cancer because a lot of people i know smoke . There are many ways to get Lung cancer as in smoking, or being around someone who is smoking (2nd hand smoking). Smoking is responsible for over 80% of deaths and 2nd hand for many more. This cancer can cause you to have trouble breathing, coughing up blood, changes in voice, or pain in chest, shoulders, or back.
Phillip Morris is a 64-year-old, pack a day smoker for 20 years, with a complaint of shortness of breath and a productive yellow cough for three days. He also has a three-year history of progressive renal failure. Currently, he is receiving care at a local intensive care unit with a diagnosis of pneumonia and sepsis. His physical exam and vital signs reveal an elevated temperature, low blood pressure with elevated heart rate, decreased breath sounds, and respiratory rate of 22 breaths per minute. His arterial blood gas (ABG) results include a potential of hydrogen (pH) of 7.18, partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) of 52 mm Hg, bicarbonate (HCO3-) of 19 mEq/L, sodium (Na+) of 138 mEq/L, chloride (Cl-) of 105 mEq/L, and creatinine clearance of 45 mL/min/1.73 m2. The following paragraphs will discuss the pathophysiology of Mr. Morris’s case.
INTRODUCTION The biology of a human body consists of multiple systems which function continuously since birth until death, and these sophisticated functions are those which kept a single human being to continue living. The examples of the systems are the excretory system, the endocrine system, and the cardiovascular system. To carry out the complex process of life, some organs have multiple functions in different, interrelated systems, and an example of these multifunctional organs is the kidney. The kidney is an appendage of the human body that works on many vital functions including the excretory system, the endocrine system, and control of body electrolyte and fluid equilibrium. When something wrong happens to the kidney, the impact will be big and the disease will be very complex due to its building structure. In this study, the discussion of the disease is facilitated by dividing them into those that affect its four parts; namely glomeruli, tubules, interstitium and blood vessels. Irrespective of whatever the causes that might take place, chronic kidney disease, more commonly abbreviated as CKD, ultimately cause damage on all four components of the kidney. This leads to the final result of end-stage renal failure (ESRF) (1).
There was a time when scientists invented a medical procedure to cure cancer and the procedure includes replacing of human organs from that of a pig. Patient D was the first subject to undergo this kind of procedure. He is a 56-year old man and is diagnosed with colon cancer which made his health to be in a critical condition. The doctors removed his colon and replaced it with a pig’s colon. After that procedure, he regained and improved his health. Without further testing the hypothesis, the scientists immediately advertised the treatment until most people have undergone the surgery because it became a major hit. After a few weeks, the side-effects started to appear. All the patients that had undergone the surgery changed their diet. They
In the United States, tobacco smoking is by far the leading cause of lung cancer, which includes non-small cell lung cancer. About 80% of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking, and many others are caused by exposure to secondhand smoke. Smoking is clearly the strongest risk factor for non-small
CASE STUDY 1- JANET JACKSON According to the case study, I will be dealing with a 40 years old single mother of three, named Janet Jackson. She is diagnosed with leiomyomas and has a past history of depression and is a chain smoker. She was admitted to the hospital for vaginal