Unit 4001 - an Introduction to Management Styles

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Unit 4001 - An Introduction to Management Styles
Name: Timothy Freeman
CMI Number: P04304125

1. Be able to understand assumptions about human nature and managerial behaviour.
1.1 Identify models which make suppositions about human nature and behaviour at work
Theory X and Theory Y represent two sets of assumptions about human nature and human behaviour that are relevant to the practice of management. They describe two contrasting models of workforce motivation. Theory X represents a negative view on of human nature that assumes individuals generally dislike work, are irresponsible, and require close supervision to do their jobs. Theory Y represents a positive view of human nature and assumes individuals are generally
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Thus, if employees are treated in a Theory X manner, they will become lazy. If they are treated in accordance with Theory Y, they will be motivated and committed to the organisational objectives. McGregor believed that Theory Y assumptions were more valid than Theory X. Therefore, he proposed such ideas as participation in decision-making, responsible and challenging jobs and good group relations for maximising employee job motivation.

1.3 Evaluate a model of managerial style in which the manager can apply skills to identify, study and review their pattern of behaviour
As I am responsible for managing a group of employees, then it is important for me to find an effective management style so as to ensure maximum employee morale and productivity. There are different ways to lead, and each style comes with its own pros and cons. Identifying which style of management is most appropriate is a task that requires some deliberation. I am going to evaluate an autocratic management style.

This leadership style is also called authoritarian and, as the name suggests, puts the majority of power and control in the hands of the manager. In an autocratic style of management, the leader makes all of the decisions without any consultation to the employees. This is useful in situations where you know more than the team members about the project at hand and must delegate and oversee employees' job duties due to strict time restraints.

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