Essay on Unit 4222-237 Dementia awareness

720 WordsOct 30, 20143 Pages
Unit 4222-237 Dementia awareness (DEM 201) 1.1 Dementia is a loss of brain function. If affects memory, thinking, language, judgement and behaviour. Dementia is progressive, so the symptoms will gradually get worse. In a later stage of dementia people will find it hard to carry out daily tasks and will come dependant on other people. 1.2 The key functions of the brain that is affected by dementia are: · The Frontal lobe; which is to do with behaviour, the person’s personality, interpretation and feelings. · The Parietal lobe; which is to do with language, special awareness and recognition. · The Temporal lobe; which is to do with memory, speech and hearing. · The Occipital lobe; which is do with the person’s vision. · The…show more content…
· Vascular dementia- when the oxygen doesn’t reach the brain. · Dementia in the Lewy Bodies. · Fronto-Temporal Dementia. 3.2 & 3.3 Signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s are: · Minor memory problems · Trouble saying the right words. · Disorientation · Mood swings · Behaviour changes The risk factors for Alzheimer’s are: · Age- most people are 65+ and likelihood doubles every 5 years. · Family history · Genes (heredity) Signs and symptoms of vascular dementia are: · Difficulties with completing tasks. · Memory loss · Mental confusion · Low attention span · Wandering in the night · Stroke like symptoms The risk factors for vascular dementia are: · Increasing age · History of heart attacks, strokes or mini strokes. · High cholesterol and blood pressure · Diabetes · Smoking Signs and symptoms of dementia in the Lewy bodies: · Low attention span · Visual hallucinations · Delusions · Muscle stiffness · Slower movements · Shaking and trembling · Problems sleeping Risk factors for dementia in the Lewy bodies are: · Having an immediate family member who has this form of dementia may increase your risk of getting it. Signs and symptoms of Fronto-temporal dementia: · Aggression · Compulsive behaviour · Being easily distracted · Lack of interest of washing themselves. 3.4 Prevalence rates for dementia in the UK are: 40-64 years: 1 in 1400 65-69 years: 1 in 100 70-79 years: 1 in 29

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