Essay about Unit 74 Qcfdiploma in Health and Social Care

4410 Words Oct 27th, 2012 18 Pages
Unit 74 1.1 Explain the importance of meeting an individual’s communication needs.
Service users who have communication problems need support to enable them to express themselves effectively. It is therefore important for the carer to be aware of the individuals preferred method of communication and also to support the individual to use their preferred method. Service users have the right to communicate through their chosen method and their choice should be acknowledged and respected by supporting them. The Service user’s right are particularly important when using specific communication methods and language because it’s their major way of communicating their needs and preferences. Communication is a basic human right. Without
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Losing your sight at a later stage in life can create acceptance difficulties and the need to learn a new method of communication.

Learning disabilities
Up to 90 per cent of individuals with a learning disability have some form of specific communication need. Many individuals with a learning disability have no identified cause of their communication difficulty. Individuals with learning disabilities can be affected mildly, moderately or severely. Four out of five individuals with severe learning disabilities have no effective verbal speech.

Down’s syndrome
Down’s syndrome is a chromosomal disorder where the foetus is developed with an extra chromosome at pair 21. Approximately 75 per cent of individuals with Down’s syndrome have difficulties with their hearing. Combine this with a learning disability and these individuals have an increased difficulty in communication. Individuals with Down’s syndrome can have difficulty in forming words and speech sounds, resulting in their speech being difficult to understand.

Autism
Individuals with autism have Communication disorders which can make it difficult for the individuals to communicate and interact with their surroundings for example;
• echolalia (repeating words spoken to them without knowing or understanding their meaning); use of phrases out of context; misreading others’

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