Unit 9 Health and Social Care Essay

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The Morley Academy
A2 Level Health & Social Care
Unit 9- Investigating Diseases

In my unit 9 assignment I will be looking at and comparing communicable and non-communicable diseases. I will also be looking at two different diseases and the differences between them and their signs and symptoms.
Section A (AO1): I will be focusing on communicable and non-communicable diseases are, how they are caused, types of them and the signs and symptoms of one of each and also how they are diagnosed.
Section B (A02): I will be focusing on how diseases are distributed within the population, factors affecting the cause and distribution of diseases and compare the differences between my two chosen diseases (one communicable and one
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* Indirect transmission
Indirect transmission of infectious organisms involves vehicles and vectors which carry disease agents from the source to the host.

Non-communicable diseases
A non-communicable disease (NCD) is defined as a disease which is not infectious. Such diseases may result from genetic or lifestyle factors. Such diseases may result from genetic or lifestyle factors. Current evidence indicates that four types of NCDs (i.e. cardiovascular diseases, cancers, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases) account for almost two third of all deaths globally, with 80 per cent of these deaths occurring in low-income and middle-income countries. NCDs are a leading threat to health and development. Yet, these diseases are preventable. By eliminating shared risk factors such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and the harmful use of alcohol, almost 80 per cent of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes and over a third of all cancers could be prevented. In addition, improved disease management can reduce morbidity, disability and death and contribute to better health outcomes. Overall, proven cost-effective strategies do exist to prevent and control this growing burden.
There are four types of non-communicable diseases:
Degenerative Diseases: A degenerative disease is a
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