United Nations Role in Conflict Management in Africa: a Case Study of Darfur

11737 Words Feb 9th, 2012 47 Pages
CHAPTER ONE

1.1 INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND

Conflict is a naturally inevitable part of human life worldwide1. It exists in all relationships, groups, culture and every level of social structure. Although, conflict is often uncomfortable and energy consuming, it can be a positive force for change and bring an otherwise stagnant relationship out of dormancy into a new life and vitality. Conflict is therefore an outcome of human interaction as a result of disagreement between individuals, parties or states. A conflict situation is characterized by the inability of those concerned to iron out their differences.2 Human wants are unlimited but the means to satisfy these wants are scarce. There is therefore, an inherent struggle in man for
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The conflict forcefully placed the Sudanese crisis on the world map when genocide tendencies were perceived. It took United Nations about 19 months to intervene in the devastating human tragedy that befell Somalia. Furthermore, the Liberian and the RwandaÔÇÖs post-cold war conflicts lingered for sometime before the UN responded. The Sudanese conflicts also experienced the same lag in UNÔÇÖs response. It is therefore obvious that swift reactions to conflicts have not been attained in UN Peace Support Operations in Africa. This research would be conducted to find answers to the following questions:

a. What are the causes of conflicts in Africa and Sudan in particular?

b. What role did the United Nations played in managing the conflict in Darfur?

c. What are the mitigating factors against UNÔÇÖs conflict management in Darfur?

d. How can the United Nations effectively manage the conflict in Darfur?

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The broad purpose of the study is to appraise the post Cold War role of the United Nations in conflict management in Africa with particular reference to Dafur. The specific objectives of the study are:

a. To examine the nature and sources of conflicts in Africa and Darfur. b. To explore the roles of the United Nations in…