United States Health Care System Essay

3779 Words Nov 30th, 2010 16 Pages
17 Nov 2006

US Health Care System: Does the Public Get the Best Return vs. Investment

The United States spends more of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on healthcare then any other industrialized country in the world and because of this one would think that the U.S. provides one of the top universal healthcare plans for all citizens without health insurance. Furthermore, the U.S.’s overall health system performance is 37 out of 191 (qtd in U.S. Census Bureau), obviously 37 out of 191 is horrible especially because of the investment made by tax paying citizens. This problem affects a massive amount of Americans. Approximately 40 million Americans are without health insurance and because of the increasing expenditures the numbers of
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Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Texas rapidly sparked interest into other states in the U.S., for instance, in 1934 the Washington Hospital formed Group Hospitalization Inc.,other states quickly followed and by 1942 Group Hospitalization Inc. was sanctioned to use the Blue Cross service mark (qtd in A division of...). The Second World War may have been a motivation force in the connection between employment and health insurance. Although the U.S. government did not become involved in WWII until approximately 1941, mobilization for our involvement began much earlier. In preparation for our war involvement American employers started offering their employees health insurance as a benefit, in hopes to increase the companies employment. This idea decreased the likelihood that only the sick would enroll in health plans and it also decreased the administrative costs of individually sold plans. Due to the employer-offered health care, the country seen a tremendous jump in hospital enrollment. The number of citizens enrolled in hospitals increased from 7 million to 26 million, which was mainly held by Blue Cross. At the end of WWII many labor unions began to bargain for health benefits. The National Labor Relations Act required that management bargain with unions for health care benefits. The Supreme Court in 1940 ruled that benefit plans including health benefits fell under “conditions of employment.” By the mid 1950's over 60% of the U.S.’s
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