United States Ratification Of The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

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United States Ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Purpose The purpose of the proposed research is to determine how technological, international, and domestic developments in the last 20 years could affect future ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) by the United States Senate. Relevance The instrument of nuclear deterrence has been the primary reason that no full scale war between major world powers has taken place since WWII. Ensuring the credibility of the United States nuclear arsenal is the best way for the nation to secure future peace. Advances in nuclear physics, computational modeling, and engineering have made full nuclear-explosive testing unnecessary to maintain the nuclear…show more content…
[3] To maintain confidence in the safety, security, and reliability of the current United States nuclear arsenal without testing the Stockpile Stewardship Program (SSP) was established in 1996. SSP achieves this goal through physical plasma physics and sub-critical experiments for data collection and advanced computational modeling. [4] It is a general consensus that the United States will not resume physical weapons testing in the foreseeable future, as Linton Brooks, former director of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) under President George W. Bush, said in November 2011, "as a practical matter, it is almost certain that the United States will not test again... I have been in and out of government for a long time. And in recent years I never met anybody who advocated that we seek authorization to return to testing." [5] Methods The independent variables are the technological, international, and domestic developments and the dependent variable is the strategic calculus of whether the United States ratifies the CTBT. The research method will be case-study oriented, with quantitative approaches to old nuclear weapons test data if relevant. Research Areas Developments that may influence the ratification of the CTBT include: Domestic: -The Obama Administration committed approximately $1 trillion over the next 30 years on nuclear modernization. [6] The increased funding
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