Hernandez V. Texas is based in the 6th amendment, “guarantees a defendant a right to counsel in all criminal prosecutions”. This case is a very well-known because there was too much of discrimination towards Hispanics. Pedro Hernandez is a resident at Edna, Texas, a Mexican guy who was accused of convicting the murder of Joe Espinosa who was also a resident of the same area. Hernandez was found guilty by an all-white jury going all the way to Supreme Court. Their lawyers argue that it wasn’t fair for them not having a Mexican American as a jury and there was only Americans, because in that way they would take advantage of a Mexican American to do whatever they wanted to do with him. In the 1950’s was when this case occurred and also there was a harsh discrimination to Mexican Americans from the white people at the United States. Mexicans and African Americans were just a “waste of time” for the white people, that’s how the white people thought about them. History, discrimination and how did this issue impact police, court, and corrections are essential things that will be cover.
Amending the Texas Constituion rules are set by Article 17 of the Texas Constitution. You begin with the proposal for amendment of the Texas Constitution. It takes a two thirds vote of the full committee of both houses of the legislature. To constitute a two-thirds majority vote, one hundred members of the house and twenty-one senators must vote for the proposal to amend the constitution. Individual legislators’ votes must be publicly recorded. The legislature gets to choose the date for the ratification election. The Secretary of State will then draft a brief statement of each proposed amendment. Which then has to be approved by the Attorney General. A statement of these changes must be widely published before
The Police of Harris County was informed of a weapons disturbance in a private residency. The officers found two individuals of the same sex engaging in sexual, (sodomy), behavior. However, the way the police officers enter the premises, was not at all questioned.
The Supreme Court, which is often referred to as the Court of last resort,” is the highest court within our court system. Only an original ruling by the Supreme Court can change a pre-existing one. They have the authority to decide appeals on all cases taken to federal court or those that have been brought to a state court that handles federal law. Once one of the circuit courts have made a decision on a case, all parties involved in the case can choose to appeal their case to the US Supreme Court. The Supreme Court can decide whether or not to hear a case as where the circuit courts can not . The parties involved in the case are required to petition the court. If the petition is granted, the circuit courts will take briefings and hear arguments. If the petition is not granted, the lower court's judgment stands. The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in a case. The Supreme Court oversees many types of cases such as most cases involving federal laws or regulations, international and interstate commerce, and cases involving commodaties and securities, to name a few. Where a case was filed depends on the avennue it would take in order to reach the Supreme Court. A Case can start in either the Superior Court or District Court. Cases wouls start in the district court if they involve
Rationale: The United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas rejected Hill’s dispute that the ordinance was unconstitutionally vague or overbroad. The court stated that it was not vague because, “the working of the ordinance is sufficiently definite to put a person of reasonable intelligence on fair notice of what actions are forbidden.” This court felt that the words used in defining the ordinance, such as, ‘interrupt,’ is adequately clear, understandable, and a very common, routine word.
Sarah Dessen used to say that “Accepting all the good and bad about someone is a great thing to aspire to. The hard part is actually doing it.” Barbara Jordan, who was the leader of Civil Right Movement, said “We, as human beings, must be willing to accept people who are different from ourselves.” Both quotations mean that when people faced conflicts or had differences with the other people, they should be willing to understand the others’ point of view rather than just ignore or refute those. It is true that a lot of people agree to those quotations; however, not all the people agree with these ideas. For instance, although ‘Texas vs. Johnson Majority Opinion’ and ‘Jim Wright’s letter’ embrace the central idea of the quotations, ‘Tomi Lahren
On Monday April 18, 2016, the Supreme Court heard oral arguments on the Texas v United States case. “Conservative justices questioned Obama’s authority to use executive actions to shield some 4 million undocumented immigrants from deportation.” (de Vogue). It was noted that there are currently 11.3 million immigrants that are undocumented, and Congress had only provided the funds to remove about 4 million. During the hearing Justice Anthony Kennedy said, “It’s as if -- that the President is setting the policy and Congress is executing it. That’s just upside down.” (de Vogue). The case resulted in a tie 4-4 with all Democrats voting in favor of the programs, and all the Republicans voting against them. As a result of a tie, the Supreme Court looks to the previous hearing results, which was that the programs will remain blocked.
The Supreme Court decides which cases which cases to hear and which cases not to hear in numerous amounts of ways. First and Foremost, the Supreme Court has to go through around 10,000 petitions, however only 80 are actually heard. One thing the Supreme Court is willing to hear is a case regarding a conflict of law. This means the Supreme Court will step in when a number of other courts do not agree on the conclusion so that the law can begin.
What started the argument of this case was ‘what standard should be used to evaluate the sufficient amount of probable cause and if the word of an informant be reliable. Thanks to this case we now have a two prong rule that needs to be met before a magistrate can sign a search warrant.
As humans have to learn how to tolerate others diversity. It is important to accept others no matter how crazy it may sound to you. The lottery was about a small village that had a certain way of things and did the “lottery” every year, meaning you would pieces of paper and sorry not sorry but if you had a dot you were gonna get stoned by your friends and family and people you knew on a personal level. Texas v. Johnson Majority Opinion is about how people are getting kinda defensive about how others treat the flag. The Wife’s Story is about a family whom in the beginning we are lead to believe they are just a normal family but we soon realize they're not so normal after all. “The lottery”, “Texas v. Johnson Majority Opinion,” both support
How do the justices decide to hear a case or not? Not just any case can be heard by the supreme court so what makes the cases the supreme court does hear special? The cases that the supreme court hears are ones that deal with issues with the federal law. or if they fall within the limits of the federal government the supreme court might decide to hear them. If a case only has to do with county or state laws than this case will most likely stay within the states jurisdiction, or the states court system. The supreme court is the very last step to most cases.
The Supreme Court of the United States is what has been referred to as the "highest" court in the land. it alone has the authority to hear appeals on almost every case set to be decided in the system of the federal court. It also retains the ability to hear "appeals" from the high appellate courts sent from state that involve " questions of federal implications,". For example, a dispute concerning a statute of federal standing or something that arises out of the United States Constitution. That said, fewer than 100 cases are really received and figured out by the Supreme Court in a single year.
In the federal court system, there is only one of the three tiers that is actually mandated by United States Constitution. This is the Supreme Court of the United States. It was formed in 1869 and has always had one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices. As the name suggests, the Supreme Court is the final and "supreme" word on any case that it hears. The Supreme court rules on appeals and also has jurisdiction over certain proprietary cases like those involving high ranking diplomats of both the United States and other foreign nations (Supreme Court of The United States, 2011).