United States in the Years 1860-1870 Essay

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United States in the Years 1860-1870

The United States between the years 1860-1870 was in turmoil, but from a historical point of view, this decade is one of the most exciting times in U.S. history. In 1861 there were still fifteen slave states, seven states open to slavery by the Dred Scott Decision and only eighteen free states in the north (Ferrell Atlas).

This was a time of growth and change in the U.S. For example in 1867 the U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia for a scant $7,200,000 (Museum). The Civil War was by far the most notable event to take place. Abraham Lincoln won the election for the Presidency of the United States in 1860. The most famous battle of the war, the Battle of Gettysburg took place in 1863; the Union army
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One accomplishment in particular that happened in 1869 was a huge achievement for mankind. In November the Suez Canal opened traffic for the first time. It was an engineering wonder which linked the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The canal was essential to the increase to strategic importance of Egypt to European powers (3). Another major world event, which occurred during this decade, was the revolution of Spain. In September of 1868 the Spanish Armada marched on Madrid and defeated the government forces. Afterward the new government established a constitutional monarchy (3).

In the years from 1860 to 1870, many prominent artists all made contributions, especially in Realism. Realists from the Hudson River School painted detailed pictures of Western landscapes and vistas. One artist in particular is Albert Bierstadt. Bierstadt painted many oil-based pieces based on his experiences crossing through the Rocky Mountains. The Domes of Yosemite, was painted in 1867 and was one of Bierstadt?s finest accomplishments (Wilmerding 127).

Sports were also very popular in this time. The first recorded baseball game was played in San Francisco in 1860. The first pro baseball team, the Cincinnati Red Stockings, was founded a few years later in 1868. As the years went on, more and more teams would spring up.

In the years between 1860 and 1870, the University of Dayton was beginning to grow.
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