Unity And Diversity Of Islamic Civilization. Set In The

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Unity and Diversity of Islamic Civilization
Set in the Fourteenth century in different regions of Africa and Asia, The Adventures of Ibn Battuta presents a precise representation of Ibn Battuta’s rihla , exemplifying a clear distinction between the different countries and regions he visited. Ibn Battuta began his journey by setting off from his home Tangier, Morocco to Mecca. “I braced my resolution to quit all my dear ones, female and male, and forsook my home as birds forsake their nests” (Dunn 69), as the much older Ibn Battuta wrote in his book of travels. During his travels by foot, donkey, camel and boat Ibn Battuta had visited almost all of the known Islamic world and more to pursue his ambition for knowledge and experience. This
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Ross Dunn describes Ibn Battuta’s final stage of this journey as he must enter into a state of holiness, called ihram . “Here male pilgrims took off their traveling clothes, washed themselves, prayed, and finally donned the special garment, also called ihram” (Dunn 115). Everyone who was performing hajj on that day were also wearing their ihram, symbolizing the equality of all the men before God. As Ibn Battuta’s travels continue he is supported many times by the helping hand of Muslims and Muslim rulers. For example, early in his travels Ibn Battuta arrived at Constantine which was the largest city in the interior of the Eastern Maghrib, although he did not stay there for long. He has little memory about this journey, except one memorable fact, that he made the acquaintance of the Governor of the city of Constantine, “the governor presented him with a gift of alms, the first of many presents he would receive from kings and governors during the course of his travels” (Dunn 74). Sharing one’s material wealth with an adventurer was one of the five sacred pillars of Islam . During Ibn Battuta’s next several years he didn’t not have to worry about his welfare because of the pious individuals who were moved to perform these acts of kindness.
Even though the Muslims population made up most of the Dar al-Islam, and while the fundamental practices of Islam where reflected by the people’s values and
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