Essay about Universal Declaration of Human Rights

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U Thant the Burmese United Nations Secretary General from 1961 to 1971 spoke on the Declaration of Human Rights:
This great and inspiring instrument was born of an increased sense of responsibility by the international community for the promotion and protection of man’s basic rights and freedoms. The world has come to a clear realization of the fact that freedom, justice and world peace can only be assured through the international promotion and protection of these rights and freedoms.
The prescient quotation above is a succinct summation of both the purpose and goal of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It was set out not as a lofty set of utopian ideals, but rather a basic structure under which nations should accord expressing
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This is not so much a standard of excellence but rather a safeguard against repression and discrimination that would affect individual’s ability to participate in civic or political life. Political Rights include but are not limited to the Freedom of Thought and Expression, The Freedom from Unjust Bodily Harm by a Government, and the Freedom to Participate in Civic Affairs. Using the theory of Negative and Positive Rights, Political Rights are seen as negative rights. Negative Rights are seen as actions under which right holders are not to be subjected to a particular action by a group entity such as torture by government, or unjust imprisonment.
The second portion of rights mentioned in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is Economic Rights, which serve to provide equality of resources, conditions and treatments. The primary function of economic rights is for Governments and International Organizations to provide a minimum standard of resources and benefits to the world’s citizens as to not be hindered by scarcity. Economic Rights mentioned in Articles 22-27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights include the right to work, right to own property, right to access to education, right to access to health care, right to leisure time. Using the theory of Negative and Positive Rights, Economic Rights are seen as a positive right. Positive Rights are rights in which…