Universal Political System During The Cold War

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For over four decades the citizens of the United States focused their attention to the seemingly interminable tension that existed between American and the Soviet Union. Fear of the USSR and the communist regime tormented Americans, who poured their energy into promoting and safeguarding the democratic values they had always been accustomed to. As the Cold War steadily subsided, the United States and the Soviet Union came together to repair the damage they had inflicted on one another since the end of the Second World War. With the Cold War in the past, the field of International Relations shifted its focus to a multitude of new issues that were on the rise. Issues that were not necessarily relevant during the Cold War, but have dominated global politics in recent years, are defined under the concept of human security. In order to accurately assess the universal political system in a post Cold War world, a more expansive definition of security is required.
The emergence of the multi-faceted concept of human security can be attributed to the collapse of the bi-polar system and the accelerated pace of globalization. As the Cold War diminished, the United States and the USSR agreed that it was not in their best interest to obliterate one another after all. As the Soviet Union disintegrated with nationalist regimes and the economic policies under leader Mikhail Gorbachev, the United States was left to serve as the global hegemony. With the focus shifted to maintaining peaceful
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