Urban Agriculture in and Around Monrovia, Liberia

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Urban Agriculture in and around Monrovia, Liberia
Timothy Kortu

Since the end of the war that raged from 1989 to

2003, Liberia has suffered from chronic food insecure and basic socio-economic infrastructure. Urban urban poverty, improve food security and enhance urban waste management in Monrovia and other Liberian cities. Recently the government acknowledging food security in the country. rity, due to the destruction of its agricultural sector agriculture provides a strategy to help reduce

edged the importance of urban agriculture in

Agriculture has always been the key to food security in both urban and rural areas of Liberia. Before the conflict, approximately 80 percent of the people of Liberia derived their
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Rice and cassava are the main staple food crops in Liberia, and more than 60 percent of the rice consumed in Liberia is imported (WFP, 2008). But in and around Monrovia families are increasing their own food production as a way to provide their families with fresh and nutritious food, while a minority sells their produce on the market.

Agriculture in Monrovia and other cities

Many people, including IDPs, repatriates and rural families migrated to Monrovia
In backyards and small plots on open spaces, families grow vegetables (sweet potato, cabbage, amaranth, okra, pepper, eggplant, cassava, or corn), and some fruit (mango, papaya) or medicinal plants. Some households have access to two plots: one near the house for the rainy season and one on the edge of nearby swamps for the dry season. These home-gardens and small plots are mostly cultivated by women. Urban agriculture is not new in Liberia. It was practiced for decades in Monrovia and other Liberian cities before the civil war broke out in 1989, but grew in importance during and after the conflict. Although many Monrovian citizens are now growing their own food and the government is positive
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