Urban Growth Of Urban Development

2377 WordsNov 8, 201410 Pages
Introduction The term ‘urban global south’ has emerged as an important conceptual term in debates about urbanization development and globalization. It is a product of unequal local and global power relations. There has been a growing body of literature surrounding the topic of ‘globalized urbanization’ in specific relation to the city due to its increasing economic and socio-political power. The process of ‘Urbanization’ can be defined as “the redistribution of populations from rural to urban settlements over time” (Peng et al, 2010b: 2). An inexorable issue with the term is its origin; most urban growth is evidently shown to be in the global south, (as seen in table 1) with less developed regions showing the greatest average annual urban…show more content…
Rogers (2011) also highlights in his paper that the Latin American urbanization process possessed an uncontrollable characteristic in comparison to the predominately government policy led urbanization in Asia. Rio De Janeiro, the capital of Brazil, is gradually heading towards a complete urbanized environment; today’s statistics present a case where the majority of the Brazilian population lives in urban areas (Beall and Fox 2007). Neoliberalism has played a fundamental role in engineering the urbanized mega-city environment. Its ideological basis is “belief in the self-regulating capacity of the market, and correlatively the need to restrict the scope of action of the state” (Radice 2008: 1155). This has encouraged countries to obliterate politically independent practices. Peet et al (2003, citied in Catterjoe 2009) explains how the Monetary Fund consulted debt-fuelled countries of Latin America like Brazil, advising to adopt liberalization policies. This capitalist method attracted people and resources from surrounding areas to the city, in order to develop a lean operational economy. Many have critiqued this form of development policy as it has been connected with marginalization linked with rising inequality resulting in violence, highlighted by Chatterjee (2009:156) who states “Neoliberal industrial restructuring is a
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