Urban Migration During The Industrialization

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Industrialization was a period that brought about many changes. One of the changes that happened during this period was the change of working atmospheres from farms and homes to factories. Industrialization in both England and China had a massive impact on the working conditions in both countries. In England, the percentage of population living in urban areas saw an increase from 17% to 72% in during the Industrial Revolution (Watson). China’s urban population rose from 26% to 53% in 2012 which brings the total urban population to 712 million people (Juan). Among these 712 million urban residents, nearly 250 million are migrant workers from rural areas (“The Great Transition”). In this paper I will explore urban migration during the industrialization, and the numerous impacts it had on the workers in England and China during this time period.
The massive urban migration that took place during these time periods was mainly due to the beginning of industrialization. In both England and China, one of the factors for urban migration was the job opportunities that were being created in the urban factories that kept sprouting up from to high demand. Due to the stability and higher income in factories, rural residents found it more promising to seek employment in the urban areas instead of working in a farm or at home. They also believed that there would be more opportunities for their own development in the cities. Industrialization also contributed to a higher standard of
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