Urban Planning History Essay

1662 Words 7 Pages
There have been many significant movements throughout urban planning history which have influenced the way that planning theory is shaped and thought. Combined Modernist and Neoliberal planning theories have influenced the erection of a vast amount of planning project that have left an imprint on the way that urban planning is practiced today. In this paper, I will begin by describing the components of modernist and neoliberal planning practices. Then, I will outline a brief history of the project and explain how the Los Angeles South Central Farm was influenced by both modernist and neoliberal planning theories. Lastly, I will analyze this project through two different critical perspectives, neo-Marxism and critical race planning. These …show more content…
In other words modernist planning theory focuses on allowing state or local legislature to bring reason and democracy to decrease chaos, by implementing non- political rational alongside coordinated, functional solutions organized around a central goal, and thus creating a middle class and allowing the class to grow.
Neo-liberalism on the other hand focuses on the individual and the effect they have on society, with little government (state) intervention. According to David Harvey neo-liberalism is:
“The theory in which individuals have entrepreneurial freedoms and skills within an institutional framework characterized by strong private property rights, free markets and free trade. The state’s role is to create and set up the institutional framework, but after that is done they have minimal to no interventions” (Harvey, 2005).
By allowing this free market planning, individuals will be able to gain power, wealth, resources, and risk (Harvey, 2005). Accordingly, neo-liberalists claim that the role of the state, planning policy, or state interventions on land-use should be kept to a minimum (Shibata, 2008).
Los Angeles South Central Farm History
In 1994 a 14 acre plot of land located on East 41st and South Alameda Street was given to the community in the aftermath of the 1992 Watts riots. The Los Angeles South Central Farmers (LASCF) used…