Urban Population And Urban Development

3085 Words Jul 29th, 2015 13 Pages
BACKGROUND
The twenty-first century is the moment from which, for the fist time in history, there will be more people living in cities then in the countryside. The percentage of urban population started to increase in the 19th century, at the end of which only 3% of the world population lived in cities. In slightly more then a century there was an impressive growth in both relative and absolute terms and the trends for 2030 forecast that 5 out 8 billion people will be urban inhabitants. It is important to understand that, based on how we deal with this change; it can be either a powerful mean to improve life quality or the reason to cause a situation of deep urban conflicts. The rapid growth of the city can be a risk for its poorest residents, as the speed of the urban development makes it hard to provide adequate responses and to ensure good living quality for everyone. Often the governments and markets do not react in time and, while people continue coming to cities, the urban center will not be ready to accommodate them and they will have to develop informal settlements, slums and favelas. As a result of this process, nowadays one third of the world’s urban population lives below poverty line.
In a situation where there is a scarcity of means to build housing, public policies and real estate markets have developed two strategies to deal with the problem: to reduce and displace. In these cases social housing tends to be constructed where he land value is as low as…
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