Urban Poverty And The Urban Underclass Essay

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According to Curley (2005), urban poverty has been a huge issue for hundreds of years. The people living in inner-city neighborhoods were the primary target for poverty. It had a tremendous effect on the black population; it increased by 164 percent in ten years alone. Finding a job became hardly impossible. Therefore, neighborhoods began to segregate, leaving the disadvantaged poor behind. The neighborhoods relied on welfare to make ends meets. This resulted in an increase in crime rates (p.97). This paper was a view of how early ecologist viewed urban poverty. William Wilson’s thesis, The Truly Disadvantage, explained how social conditions led to the urban underclass. He enlightened the readers on how social isolation and concentration effects affected the inner-city neighborhoods. He reasoned that there were more jobs available in the suburbs than in inner-city neighborhoods. The jobs that were available required formal education and credentials, something the inner-city residents lacked. The lack of education made it harder for them to get jobs. Therefore, the joblessness forced inner-city neighborhoods to start merging with lower, working, and middle-class black families. By the 1980’s the middle-class and the working-class had moved out the inner- city neighborhoods. Those who were left behind, Wilson referred to them as the urban underclass. The isolation between the groups left the underclass vulnerable (p. 98). On the other hand, Massey and Denton,
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