Urban Transport Problems And Environmental Problems

1146 Words Aug 25th, 2014 5 Pages
The term ‘megacity’ refers to a densely populated, metropolitan area in which the total population exceeds ten million people. Megacities tend to be thriving centers for cultural and economic progress with a high rate of economic development. Of the 24 cities worldwide that are currently classed as megacities, many of them are the capital city of a country, such as Paris, London, Tokyo, Beijing, and Seoul, (Citypopulation.de, 2014). In recent years, with the rapid development of the economy, many large cities around the world have been reclassified as megacities, particularly in developing countries. As megacities develop, a lot of challenges and problems develop too, for example: high population, urban transport problems and environmental problems. This essay will describe the main challenges and possible solution. The first challenge is due to high population. A quick rise in population will cause housing and food shortages and a rise in the price of general living. According to Yujun, Z. (2011), in developing countries, the fastest population growth rate will be 7-8% annually; a burden in most developing countries is that there is no population control, for example, in Beijing, China. By the end of 2013, according to census data in China, the population of Beijing will be over 20 million. Huge population problems for the city’s infrastructure have brought tremendous pressure, housing and food shortages. Grain yield is lower than the population growth rate so many people…

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