The area that constitutes New York City today was originally populated by the Lenape people. These autonomous groups of Native Americans were “dozen-odd groups” who lived between today’s Eastern Connecticut and central New Jersey. They spoke an Algonquian language, lived in seasonal campsites, and dedicated their lives to fishing, farming, and hunting. The first European to enter the New York Harbor was the Florentine navigator Giovanni da Verraza, who was at the time searching for a northwest passage to Asia. Despite the short visit, he named the area Nouvelle-Angoulême in honor of the principal state of the King of France (Burrows and Wallace).
All in all the industrial revolution had a positive effect on society, accomplishing things many do not realize and creating a turn of events that would put the USA as the world power. New farming methods meant better diets, which lead to lower death rates. Efficient and useful inventions, as
New York City’s old slum neighbourhood, the Five Points, was notoriously known for its vice and crimes. The first organized crime group in New York City was the Forty Thieves which was led by Edward Coleman, started in 1825, in the back of a grocery store. The Dead Rabbits were an Irish gang in the Five Points area, and are most known for the riot they caused in 1857. The Eastman Gang were a Jewish group in the Five Points area, which began in the late nineteenth century, and were the rival of the Five Points Gang. The Five Points Gang was another group, started by Paul Kelly and included future famous mobsters. In Five Points, where most of New York City’s crime started, it also started some of history’s most notorious gangs, and mobsters.
There has been a recent phenomenon throughout the United States of gentrification. As older parts of neighborhoods are occupied by new tenants with money, the neighborhood changes and loses its old character. Those who might have lived in those neighborhoods their entire lives are pushed out as rents begin to skyrocket and the surroundings begin to change. This has happened in many neighborhoods. One of the most well known is San Francisco, where technology companies have brought in new software engineers that have caused local rents to skyrocket and people to move out of the area. However, just as importantly has been the influx of new money to Brooklyn, where local neighborhood changes have forced people from their homes, traditional music to be replaced, and old businesses to go bankrupt.
Urbanization and Industrialization brought millions of people to growing cities, these growing cities were ill equipped to deal with growing population rate. While some might argue that Industrialization had primarily positive consequences for society because of a surplus of job opportunities, faster production, and more amenities, it was actually
From 1890 to 1920, cities in the United States experienced a rapid growth that was unprecedented in years previous. This growth was caused by a number of factors and resulted in both positive and negative consequences. Such factors included, industrialization, technological advances, migration and immigration. Although American cities greatly improved by the expeditious urbanization, these factors also developed numerous challenges including pollution, sanitation problems, a need for environmental reform, political corruption, overcrowding, high crime rates and segregation.
Making of Urban America Chapter 2 Slavery, Emancipation, and Class formation in colonial and Early National New York In Chapter 2 of the text “Slavery, Emancipation, and Class formation in colonial and Early National New York” explores the centrality of slave labor and race to the development of class relations in colonial and early national New York City. In the 1600’s slave labor was noted as the central point to New York’s colonial economy and to the survival of European culture. The North colonial economy relied more heavily on slavery for free laborer than Manhattan. As a result of the slave era African American males and females became to central force and the foundation of New Yorkers ‘slave economy. Between 1600 and 1738 the slave population
Gentrification is a major reason for the increase in rent prices throughout New York City. Harlem rent prices have gone up over the past years because of new condominiums and businesses that are being built in neighborhoods. The displacement of residents leads to an increase of people becoming homeless in
For a majority of Earth’s history, its populous has been free to roam and live off of the land, maintaining a balance between the habitat and its inhabitants. However, as technology develops the earth is placed at an even bigger disequilibrium. In the places where massive sequoias reigned, high-rise apartments now stand. Just as water rushed through rivers, cars drive down streets. The populants of Earth continue to innovate, industrialize,and urbanize, but at what cost?
What if I told you that the main reason, people are moving out of Washington, D.C is due to the lack of affordable housing. To be more specific, residents are moving out of D.C due to the Gentrification that is occurring throughout the city. Gentrification is a “term” that was invented in 1964 by a sociologist, named Ruth Glass. Glass “coined” the term, Gentrification when she was observing how some inner parts of London were being refined by those of higher social status when they began living there. Furthermore, she noticed that said parts of London became very expensive to live in, which in turn left those who belonged to the lower social status who lived there no choice but to move out and find somewhere else to live. Gentrification,
Post World War Two brought upon not only the Baby Boom but urbanization of the African American community and the Great Black Migration. As the birth rate rapidly increased so did construction growth. However developers began pulling people to the outskirts of cities by creating affordable track homes. Along with the GI Bill this allowed people to afford homes and brought upon a surge in consumption. The growth in consumption and development pulled African Americans to Northern and Western cities in search of a better life. They were tired of the oppression and sought out better opportunities economically. As African Americans and the population moved from the country life to the city, the United States became highly urbanized.
Currently, policymakers are mostly concerned with the economic impacts a policy will have. While economic factors are important when evaluating and analyzing policies, there needs to be more of an emphasis on the social impacts policies have, especially when it comes to community development policies. Although it is not the only issue with currently popular community development policies, gentrification is one of the most problematic and enlightening conflicts of our time. The core issue with gentrification is it does not benefit the people who are most marginalized in the city. One can argue it improves neighborhoods by bringing business development, improving housing, and increasing median incomes, but these benefits do nothing to help the
One major problem found with industrialization is the development of political machines. A political machine is a group that controls politics for financial gain. One major political machine was located in New York City in the Tammany Hall building led by Boss Tweed. William L. Riordan
Every settled nation will at some point go through urbanization – the mass movement to urban areas. In the United States, one of the largest examples of urbanization was in the time period 1865 to 1910. By 1900, almost forty percent of all Americans lived in urban towns and cities. This rapid movement brought about substantial change in all aspects of the country. Some aspects were altered more than others, for example society as a whole, the economy, and city government. Urbanization has had a substantial impact on city government, the economy, and society in the time period 1865 to 1910 through various contributing factors in each area. However, this impact was not always beneficial, and many times contributed to the detriment of the
At the beginning of Chapter 20, it was discussed how 80% of Rio de Janeiro has become urbanized, yet the other 20% of citizens live in slums. This is similar to what is happening in Detroit and my family and I witnessed that first hand when we took a trip to Detroit a couple years back. While living in Downtown Detroit, I was never aware that most of the city’s area was covered in slums, until I travelled around the city. I was astonished to see street after street filled with slums and abandoned homes. In addition, I began to realize how the higher authorities in Detroit try to conceal this part of Detroit. These individuals only desire you to observe Downtown Detroit, filled with massive buildings and stadiums, even though majority of the