Group Presentation Report
On topic: How and Why Industrialization, Population and Urbanization are related: Social Relations, Social Control and Law?
Student: Yen Hoang
How and Why Industrialization, Population and Urbanization are related: Social Relations, Social Control and Law?
Industrialization, Population Growth and Urbanization are in dynamic relationship with each other that also has been contributing to change various aspects of Social Relations, Social Control and Law. America is taken as the typical example illustrating this topic because this country is one of the pioneers starting up those processes and witnessing their pros and cons in spectacular aspects. First of all, industrialization is the…show more content… For instances, according to the statistics provided by Linda Alchin, the population of Chicago in 1870 was 298,977; it rose to 1,698,575 in 1900 and in 1920 it reached the number of 2,701,705. Seattle is another typical example which had the population of 1,107 in 1870 and in 1920 it increased nearly 285 times with the number of 315,312. Additionally, in 1840, the U.S had only 131 cities and by 1900 that number had risen to over 1,700. Eventually these activities brought out abundant urbanization issues, such as environmental degradation, typically in the quality of water, air and noise; inefficient transportation system; overcrowding; housing; unemployment; rise in crime due to poverty and lack of control; the sharp contrast between the rich and the poor; etc. For example, cheap accommodation was developed as tall, narrow tenement buildings in dark, crowed, unpleasant and unhealthy living conditions. Pollution and poor sanitation caused fatal epidemics in cities.
Those disadvantages of urbanization and industrialization sparked serious riots and strikes by workers. Not only workers but also the American in general advocated reform of country’s economic, political, and social system during the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. By 1917, the reformers had brought tremendous changes in government’s responsibilities to the citizen, reducing poverty, enhancing living conditions of the poor and regulating big business. This era