Urbanization Of Rural Areas And Urban Areas Essay

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In 1800 only 2% of the world’s population lived in urban areas, today, more than half of the world’s population lives in urban areas (Torrey). Urbanization is the movement of people from the countryside to towns and cities which result in the growth of urban areas. Many people choose to migrate to an urban area for a better social and economical lifestyle. With the massive amount of people already living in cities and a surplus of people migrating to cities, this results in unemployment. The rising unemployment rate also increases crime for those people because they suffer from a lack of resources. Most people from rural areas are not qualified to work in urban areas due to lack of education. Urban areas offer better job opportunities, hospitals, education, and entertainment. Many components affect urbanization like overpopulation, pollution, government negligence, and deforestation. One of the leading causes of urbanization is the people migrating from rural to urban areas. Already there are more than half of the population crowding urban areas and then there are even more people occupying space. People move to cities to find better jobs and live a better frugal lifestyle. Another primary cause is industrialization which manufactures and produces goods in factories; this pulls people in from rural areas. One issue in industrialization is the immense amount of air pollution it gives off. High levels of air pollution make the air filled with smog. The burning of fossil
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