Urbanization Study in India

1978 WordsFeb 22, 20188 Pages
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND Urbanization is the defining phenomenon of the 21st century. For the first time in history, more than half the world’s population lives in cities, with 90 percent of urban growth taking place in the developing world. Increasing population growth in the existing urban areas and rapid urbanisation is leading to need for increased land area to accommodate the growing population. Rapid urbanization is turning villages are into towns, towns into big cities and cities in to metropolitan cities. This is leading to various emerging challenges that urban areas today have to address like inadequate housing, inefficient physical infrastructure like water, sanitation, transport, inadequate social infrastructure like education and health, spiralling construction costs and land prices. Therefore the critical planning is required for all the necessary inputs including the infrastructure, social amenities and land. It is projected that over the next 20 years, India is going to witness nearly 2 billion additional urban population in the existing urban areas, while one billion already live in slums. However, only by efficient planning and management can rapidly growing cities be able to harness this potential, accommodate new urban dwellers, and adequately deliver basic services and infrastructure (World Bank Institute). The challenge is to address and effectively manage the pressure on cities and towns and to manage new growth. There is also a need for
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