Urbanization in Africa Essays

1090 Words5 Pages
Urbanization is the movement from a rural society to an urban society, and involves a growth in the number of people in urban areas. Urban growth is increasing in both the developed but mostly in the developing countries. Urbanization is associated with the problems of unemployment, poverty, bad health, poor cleanliness, urban slums environmental deprivation. This causes a very big problem for these developing countries and who are some of poorest countries. Africa urbanization is not as big as most developing countries but is on the rise for it outbursts in city growth lately. (Saundry, 2008). In Africa, one important feature of the urbanization process is that a lot of the growth is taking place in the industrial increase.…show more content…
As one can see this is something that many people would not want happening. Therefore, the market forces results in a series of changes in employment, urban agriculture and urban production systems. For example, ready market leads to an increase in production of horticultural crops and perishables such as vegetables given the high demand and proximity to urban consumers (Hanson, 2011). These factors therefore, act as a driving force in urbanization in Africa. In support of this urban trend, available statistics show that more than half of the worlds 6.6 billion people live in urban areas, jam-packed into 3 percent of the earth’s land area (The Economist, 2010). The vast majority of the world’s population living in urban areas, which was less than 5 percent in 1800 increased to 47 percent in 2000 and is expected to reach 65 percent in 2030 (The Economist, 2010). However, more than 90 percent of future population growth will be concentrated in cities in developing countries and a large percentage of this population will be poor. In poor countries, urbanization is the outcome of, and caused by, social, economic and political developments that lead to urban concentration and growth of large cities, changes in land use and transformation from rural to urban pattern of organization and governments (Saundry, 2008). Urbanization is the driving force for

More about Urbanization in Africa Essays

Open Document